The URR doctrine is a center-right one, combining the tenets of two classic
ideologies: Christian Democracy and Liberalism. This ideological mix can
be explained primarily by the demands of the internal political context.
The particular situation of the transition from communism to democracy
requires certain strategies that are not necessarily defined in terms
of competition among classic ideologies. There are many decisions that
were reluctantly taken or not taken at all, decisions regarding the mere
functioning of the democratic system, regardless of the point of view
it is seen from, liberal, social democrat or Christian democrat. To make
such decisions, which are highly indispensable to the functioning of a
normal society, an ideologically pure doctrine is not necessary. The fact
that these decisions were postponed for a long time is not the result
of a commitment to ideological values and principles, disputed as they
might be, but due to a vicious pattern of political practice, which the
URR strongly disagrees with.
Secondly, the political role of ideologies has dramatically diminished
all over the world, especially after the fall of communism as a pure and
absolute ideology, assuming the function of changing reality in a discretionary
way. Today, the essential principle followed by political parties all
over the world towards which Romania is leaning, is pragmatism. This means
the adoption of policies and micro-policies that responds better to concrete,
exact problems arising from the new social and cultural realities regardless
of the ideological orientation that could be associated with them. Even
if we are far from the so called "post materialistic" society
of the developed countries and although we have our own specific problems,
it is still quite obvious that we should lean towards the same pattern
of political strategies that takes their inspiration from various ideological
sources. This is imperative precisely because they want nothing more than
to be more receptive towards the different needs of different social groups,
having at the same time as first objective the involvement of citizens
in the decision-making process.
As a matter of fact, nowhere in the world, including Romania, have the
democratic parties of the past tried to unconditionally impose their ideologies
despite the interests of those they were representing and, in general,
despite the interests of the society. History of modern politics involves
a long story of doctrine hybridization and adjusting practical action
to present needs; many times conservative politicians supported liberal
principles, or liberals promoted social welfare decisions. What is important
is that the basic objectives of the society (and the polls show that these
general objectives of democracy and of market economy are identified as
important by the majority of the electorate) are reached as a result of
an efficient act of government. Unfortunately, previous governments have
not come close to this, let alone succeeded in achieving such results.
Therefore, the URR doctrine orientation can be summarized in five
main tenets, each one composed of certain ideological attributes.
Some like private ownership, individual responsibility or initiative equally
characterize the two main orientations of the center-right, with insignificant
differences. Others principles, such as pragmatism, subsidiarity, direct
democracy, pluralism or tolerance are tending towards one of the two ideological
directions, while having at the same time a clear connection to the other.
Therefore, in the final profile they together compose a coherent, center-right
ideological profile. Meanwhile, all these attributes, with no exception
whatsoever, express those essential European values that lie at the very
foundation of the political, social and economic pattern, the strengthening
of which we want to achieve in Romania.
Pragmatism and Subsidiarity
The first major tenet includes the attributes of political
pragmatism and of effective subsidiarity.
Pragmatism refers to the exact type of politics that is results-oriented
and less concerned about the ideological purity of the solutions it proposes.
As pragmatism is a central value of the URR, we must take responsibility
for the serious problems confronting Romania and promote those solutions
that can be most efficient, without feeding the illusion that they can
be solved overnight using some clever emergency ordinances, or some well-controlled
The principle of subsidiarity considers the fact that true prosperity
and social justice can never materialize from top to bottom; they cannot
be 'given' by the government to the 'population'. They have to be supported
by everyday practices at the basic levels of society, to be created and
sustained continuously at the level of the smallest local communities.
The true performance of the democracy is created (and can also be evaluated)
only at this level; this is not a simple task, because the subsidiarity,
in order to be functional, needs a high degree of political participation,
which does not exist now. That is why effective subsidiarity represents
an essential strategy and at the same time a long-term objective for URR.
Community and Tradition
A second tenet includes the attributes of strong community
and the one of traditional values.
One of the first priorities of Romanian society should be the rebuilding
of powerful, functional communities, but not of the amorphous community
created by the communist system, which was only based on the solidarity
of survival. The community that URR wants to develop must be founded on
real cohesion and solidarity, which would allow for a fast and efficient
materialization of the interests of the majority, as well as the protection
of those who have special needs, because they are in special situations.
The community must offer, as much as possible, a better equality of opportunity;
not to homogenize society, but rather to create the possibility for everyone
to benefit as much as they can from their skills (mainly through education,
but also through medical assistance, social assistance etc). Family plays
an important role within society, as liaison between individuals and society;
the family should be, in general, the smallest and at the same time the
most functional "community", the "brick" for larger
communities. As an extra, the family also has special responsibilities
regarding the huge effort of reforming the social and political system
(for example in education, in adjusting to new conditions etc), and that
is why it must enjoy special attention.
The idea of traditional values refers to finding those flexible and creative
ways of preserving Romanian traditions. The cultural forms in which our
traditions can be found should be preserved as such, as part of the collective
memory. However, since nothing is stagnating in the world we live in,
the spirit itself that created these traditions keep on growing towards
new forms of creation. It is important to note that Romanian traditions
do not limit themselves to folklore, as they are usually thought of. We
have traditions in modern culture, as we have in industry; all these have
to be preserved as such, in their historic forms, cultivated and developed
further. The URR thinks of history in the first place as motivation for
future achievements, and not a mere source of self-flattery or solace,
or an escape from the hardships of present life. At close scrutiny, one
would find that our history offers us models of action; it offers at the
same time reasons for being proud, moments of glory, as well as tragic
moments that should not be repeated under any condition.
The URR stands firmly for respecting the laws and for their enforcement
under perfectly equal conditions between citizens. There are, still, certain
functions that laws cannot fulfill, such as offering patterns of thought
and behavior. In general, laws should forbid actions proven to be harmful
for individuals or for the society and not force citizens to do things
considered at that moment to represent the moral good. This is where the
essential role of tradition intervenes. Far from having a mere decorative
function, it offers models of thought and action. Only with this basis
of traditions can one act and think freely, in a way that solely represents
him. Tradition is the one thing that offers substance and continuity to
our life within society, and is the necessary background to every individual
existence. In this respect, there is a special chapter of traditions,
namely Christian values. These are essential in their quality as the primary
support for morality for a large majority of Romanians. Christian values
have an essential role in the development of the young, and in creating
more lasting relationships within our community.
Democracy and Leadership
The third tenet of the doctrine is the one defined by
the attributes of direct democracy and team leadership.
Direct democracy can function on a national level, as well as on a local
level, and it can manifest itself in two ways. First of all, it can manifest
itself by referendum and consultation of all citizens that have the right
to vote; secondly, it manifests itself through initiatives the electorate
proposes for adoption when they consider it necessary. The URR proposes
the introduction and the reasonable use of the forms of direct democracy,
especially of imposed public consultations. If their frequency surpasses,
in a significant manner, the level of political participation the society
can offer, then a reverse phenomenon of distancing the citizens from the
political process can appear. Direct democracy is also an essential indicator
of the level of evolution and function of a democratic political system.
It is a way of improving the performance of this system, but primarily
it is a strategic objective whose achievement depends on many factors
(high political attendance, political stability, social cohesion, etc).
That is why this is a medium and long-term objective of the URR. Along
with these general forms of direct democracy, URR supports even within
the internal organization of the party, the most direct and transparent
forms of democracy, such as the direct election of the leadership team,
open vote (with only one exception imposed by the Law of Political Parties)
and a large degree of autonomy among subsidiaries, which would shorten
the decision-making process.
Team leadership represents another essential element of the new vision
of the political act that the URR is proposing. Romanian politics were
and still are dominated by autocratic leaders, whose main concern is not
generating an efficient governing act, but monopolizing an ever-greater
ratio of power. They go so far as to destroy the democratic structures
of their own parties by promoting obedient and shallow characters to the
second and third rows of the parties and ministries, etc, so that they
do not present a real competition. In the end, the price paid for the
uncontrolled hunger for power that haunts our main political actors, can
turn itself into a serious damage to the balance of powers. For example,
when the Presidency tries to extend its domination beyond constitutional
limits, on the Government, or the Government does so on the Parliament.
The principle of team leadership comes, therefore, to correct these excesses;
it is meant to stimulate the efficiency resulting from co-operation, instead
of the disputes for power that take place more within parties, institutions
and government departments, than among parties.
Person, property and responsibility
The fourth tenet includes the attributes of autonomous
individuals, private property and accountability.
The idea of autonomous individuals closely implies that of strong communities.
A strong and functional community can be built only from autonomous and
active citizens. A community conformist in spirit and dominated by that
kind of solidarity of survival mentioned before will never succeed neither
in creating prosperity nor in achieving true social justice. Therefore,
it is vital to politically mobilize the citizens ("politically"
in the broad sense of living together), to create those institutional
forms that can make best use of their availability to get involved in
managing public affairs. We need to stimulate the understanding of the
fact that this kind of involvement is the perfect way to pursue those
private interests that also have a certain communal relevance.
Private property is, along with legal guarantees regarding formal equality
of citizens, the most important basis for autonomous and active citizens
to develop; unfortunately, although its principle was very much applauded
in the transition years, the status of private property is far from being
Finally, the logical consequence of the autonomous person and of the freedom
she must have, is individual accountability, an idea applied with much
reluctance, but indispensable for building a functional society. From
the government level to the level of the local administration and that
of many firms, individual responsibility is not a rule of the game; it
is neither assumed from inside, nor inflicted institutionally, but dissipated
over so many people that it disappears without trace. This policy causes
huge drawbacks: catastrophic administration of the country and of local
communities, disintegration of public utilities, leaking budgets, disregard
for ordinary citizens, etc. That is why individual responsibility is one
of the necessary conditions for switching from the situation in which
we all lose (with the well known exceptions) to one in which we all may
On the other hand, individual responsibility closely relates to the broader
theme of justice and the rule of law. URR starts from the essential fact
that equality of citizens in front of the law is not yet a concrete reality
in Romania and foresees, as the solution, the consolidation of the institutions
with essential attributes in the establishment of the rule of law. The
so called anti-corruption campaigns in the last decade, with capricious
decisions and with the arrests' graphic decided by the ruling party, are
only a hard blow given to law enforcement institutions, because they usurp
their attributions. It must also be reminded that not only general corruption
affects the justice in Romania. The incoherence in the law and inflation
in the amount of legislation, together with the fact that the law is not
perceived as an objective and transpersonal mechanism, make the police,
the prosecutor's office and even the courts take only certain laws into
consideration and ignore others. This is an intolerable situation that
strongly supports the above solution.
Pluralism, tolerance and initiative
The fifth tenet of the doctrine joins the attributes
of authentic pluralism, reciprocal tolerance and free initiative.
Pluralism is based on a simple principle: everyone has the right to define
himself and to assert his own differences. It may sound even common in
its classic wording: "everyone has the freedom to do what he wants,
as long as he does not impinge on the freedom others", but the practical
achievement of this principle, although it appears commonplace, is in
fact not so simple.
Individual freedom to do anything, restricted only by others' freedom,
must be sustained by a real tolerance towards each other, by a real acceptance
of the difference they choose to define themselves through. Moreover,
tracing with accuracy and justice the limit to which the individual 's
freedom of action may go is very delicate work, which demands competent
and highly functional institutions. The communities, including the large
national one, as well as the local ones, must identify, through an effort
of clarifying the values that define them and the major projects they
are interested in, the frameworks beyond which the individual action is
As with the direct democracy or the effective subsidiary, the real tolerance
between the community members is also a value that cannot be fully implemented
in a short time. Not only are the above-mentioned limits to individual
freedom difficult to determine or to apply in each specific case, but
this censorship regulates itself after a long negotiation exercise with
the initiatives generated by the application of particular interests.
Stimulating the free initiative is, thus, another essential point of
the URR doctrine. The free initiative is seen as the very mechanism that
produces prosperity in the economy, pluralism in society, dynamism in
communitarian life and efficient decision-making in politics.
A first remark which needs to be made regarding the URR doctrine is
that, consistent with the pragmatism which stands at its core, it purposefully
joints attributes of a high generality level, as the principles of the
pluralism and free initiative, with much more concrete attributes such
as those of team leadership or individual responsibility. Every attribute
reflects on one hand a deep conviction, and on the other, it implies firm
solutions to concrete problems. Thus, the URR doctrine is the source of
inspiration to create a URR political program as a retort to the Romanian
parties' too vague political programs.
Coming to power, they often initiate arbitrary politics that are not consistent
to their very program, or suit just as well any other program, precisely
because of their constitutive ambiguity. Obviously, an even more important
cause of the arbitrary character of transition governments is the absence
of the real commitment to values and principles, be they vaguely expressed.
Furthermore, another remark which can be immediately made about this
doctrine's general outline is that it refers to long term objectives and
considers a long term political action, a construction built through ceaseless
efforts and starting from a deep commitment to the ideas and values we
have taken on. This is also a reaction to the "cosmetic" governing
style created by the devastating obsessions for image and appearances
which mostly characterized the governments until now. In this sense, URR
categorically delimitates itself from the irresponsible and demagogic
optimism of the current political class concerning the level of democracy
in Romania, the economic performance and the conditions for its European
integration. This doctrine proposes, on the contrary, to recognize the
real situation as it is, and to transform it through accurate goals and
a long-term collective effort.
The URR doctrine is not abstractly designed. It comes directly from the
life experience of the people who founded the Union for the Reconstruction
of Romania, as well as those who decided to join this political project
afterwards. As a direct result, the party statute is thought out so that
this straightforward relationship will continue to exist in the future.
The URR ideological orientation and the major strategies will always be
alive and dynamic, meaning that, except for some democratic principles
and basic values that cannot be abandoned, they will always reflect the
aspirations of those that will join the URR and those that URR represents.
The URR doctrine reflects a kind of culture and a way of living that values
personal freedom, dynamism, the courage to act and the results that can
thus be obtained. At the same time, yet, this way of living appreciates
the equilibrium, lucidity, moderation, mutual respect and the common sense
that has to provide a communication and the way for interaction among
people. It is a mentality that includes the necessity to obey the law,
irrespective of somebody's political, social or economic position at a
This is also the reason the URR chose the term of "union" instead
of the "party". URR is, primarily a political construction,
but it is also a new form of communicating and operating that challenges
itself to reach a level of cohesion and efficiency higher than those offered
by the previous forms of association in Romania. More than anything, the
URR doctrine follows, as the party's motto synthesizes - "Each and
Everyone Matters" - to create communities in which each individual
is recognized and is taken into consideration, to offer to everyone the
possibility to affirm his personal dignity and to develop his humanity
in a relevant manner with his personal aspirations, as well as with the
community he lives in, here in Romania.
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